3.3 ÚàôÔîÜîêàôÂÚÜ ÖÚàôÔðÆ ðòàôØÀ

ÜñÏ ÅÙÝÏáõÙ ÑÝñåïáõÃÛÝ ÛáõÕïÝïëáõÃÛÝ áÉáñïáõÙ ÇïïËÝÇÏÏÝ ùÕùÏÝáõÃÛÝ Ïñáñ áõÕÕáõÃÛáõÝÝñÇó ÙÏÁ ÛáõÕïÝïëÏÝ ñïñáõÃÛÝ ñÛáõÝíïáõÃÛÝ ñïñÝùÇ ÙÏñÏÇ ñÓñóáõÙÝ , áñÝ ÉÇ ÇçáõÙ ñóÍ ñÏñÝñÇ ÙÏñÏÇÝ: ÜáõÛÝÇëÏ, ÑßíÇ éÍ ÙÇçíÛñÛÇÝ åÛÙÝÝñÁ, ÙßÏáõÛëñÇ ÙÍ ÙëÁ ïÉÇë Çñ ñùïíáõÃÛÝ ÏñáÕáõÃÛÝ 50-60 ïáÏáëÁ 1990-1997ÃÃ. ÝëÝáõÍáõÃÛáõÝáõÙ ÁÝÏÉ ÝëáõÝÝñÇ ëåÝÛÇÝ ùßÁ, ñÏñ ïÙÝ ÅÙÏïÁ, óÍñ ÏññÇ áËÏñåÙÝ áñÍÏÇóÁ, ñÓÇÃáÕÇ íÇ׳ÏáõÙ ïáÑÙÛÇÝ-ëÉÏóÇáÝ áñÍÁÝÃóÁ:

ÐÛëïÝÇ ÐÝñåïáõÃÛáõÝÁ éë Ñéáõ åñÝÛÇÝ ñïñÝùáí ÇÝùÝåÑáíáõÙÇó: ÝÏãáõÃÛáõÝÁ, ÑñÙñíÉáí ñÓñ ÝñÇÝ Ïñ׳ïíÍ ÏÙáõïÝñÇÝ, ëÝÝÙÃñùÇ ëåéÙÝ åÑÝçÁ ÉñóÝáõÙ ÑóÙÃñùÇ, ÏñïáýÇÉÇ, ÙññÇ ÝçñÕÝÇ ÑßíÇÝ, áñÁ ÑÝñíáñ Õí Û ÙÃñùÝñÇ, ÇÝãåë Ý ÑóÑïÇÏÇ ÏÛáõÝ áõ áÕ ñïñáõÃÛÝ ûÝáõÃÛÝ Ïñáí ëïóíáÕ åñÝÛÇÝ ñïñÝùÇó ÏéíñáõÃÛÝ ÏáÕÙÇó éçÝáõÃÛáõÝÁ ÑóÑïÇÏÇ ÝñÙáõÍÙÝÁ ïÉáõ ßÝáñÑÇí:

ÛëåÇëáí, ÝÏãáõÃÛáõÝÝ Ç íÇ׳ÏÇ Õí åÑáíÉ Çñ ëÝÝÇ ÝíáõÛÝ ÙÏñÏÁ ÏÉáñÇÏÝáõÃÛáõÝÁ: ñáËáõÙÝñÇ ÁÝÃóùáõÙ, ÇÝãåë Ñïá ÏïëÝÝù, ÑÝñåïáõÃÛáõÝáõÙ ëïÇ׳Ýñ íÉÝáõÙ åñÝÇ ñïñáõÃÛáõÝÁ:

ÐÝñåïáõÃÛÝ ÛáõÕïÝïëáõÃÛÝ ÛÝ ëåëñÏáÕ áÉáñïÝñáõÙ ÝñÏÛáõÙë éÏ Ý ÙÇ ßñù ÑÇÙÝËÝÇñÝñ, áñáÝó ÉáõÍÙÝ åùáõÙ ÑÝñíáñ ÏÉÇÝÇ åÑáíÉ ÛáõÕïÝïëÏÝ ñïñáõÃÛÝ ÍíÉÝñÇ ÁÝñÓÏáõÙÁ: àõëïÇ, ÝÑñÅßï íñÉ ÛÝåÇëÇ ÇïïËÝÇÏÏÝ ùÕùÏÝáõÃÛáõÝ, áñÁ ÝåïÏáõÕÕíÍ ÉÇÝÇ ÑÝñåïáõÃÛÝ ññÛÇÝ áÉáñïáõÙ ñáËáõÙÝñÇ ßñáõÝÏÙÝÁ, ñÝó Ñï ËáñóÙÝ áñÍÁÝÃóÇÝ, ñáåñÝÛÇÝ áÉáñïÇ ÇïÏÝ ÑÇÙáõÝùÝñáí Ñï ñóÙÝÁ, ñïñáõÃÛÝ íñÙÝ ÏéáõóíÍùÇ ÏïñÉáñÍÙÝÁ:

ÆÝã íññáõÙ ÛáõÕïÝïëÏÝ ÙÃñùÝñÇ ÑÙËéÝ ñïñÝùÇ ñÅùÇÝ, ñ ßñÅÇ ïíÛÉÝñÁ ñíÍ Ý ÕÛáõëÏ 5-áõÙ, áñïÕ 1995Ã. ÓíáñíÍ ÇñóÙÝ ÙÇçÇÝ Ýñáí 1996é ÑóÑïÇÏÁ ÏÙÉ 32.8 ÙÉñ ñÙ, ÏñïáýÇÉÁ 42.3, ÝçñÕÝÁ 35.5, ÙÇëÁ 42.3, ÏÃÁ 43.1 ÙÉñ ñÙ: áõëáõÍáõÃÛÝ ñïñÝùÇ ñÅùÝ íÉÇ ÝëÝáõÍÏÝÇó 55.6 ÙÉñ ñÙáí:

ØÍ ÏñáñáõÃÛáõÝ ÝñÏÛóÝáõÙ ÛÝ ÑÇÙÝÑñóÁ, áñÁ ÏåíÍ ëÝÝÙÃñùáí ÑÝñåïáõÃÛÝ åÑáííÍáõÃÛÝ Ýñ åÑÝçñÏÇ íññÙÝ ÙÏñÏÇ Ñï: êÝÝÙÃñùÇ ÁÝÑÝáõñ åÑÝçñÏÁ áÛÝáõÙ ýÇÇáÉáÇÏÝ ÝáñÙÝñáí ÙÏ ßÝãÇ ÑÙñ ëÑÙÝíÍ éÝÓÇÝ ëÝÝÙÃñùÇ ùÝÏÇ ÑßíñÏÙÙ, ÇëÏ åÑÝçñÏÇ åÑáíÙÝ ÙÏñÏÁ áñáßíáõÙ ÉÝÉáí ïíÛÉ ÙÃñùÇ ñïñáõÃÛÝ ÍíÉÇó, áñÁ ÏñáÕ ïññ åÑáííÍáõÃÛáõÝ áõÝÝÉ ÏËíÍ ïíÛÉ ÑÝñåïáõÃÛÝ ÑáÕÏÉÇÙÛÏÝ åÛÙÝÝñÇó ñ ñïñáõÃÛÝ ÍíÉÇó:

ÕÛáõëÏ 5

ÐÆØÜÎÜ ÚàôÔîÜîêÎÜ ØÂðøÜðÆ ÐØÊèÜ ðîðÜøÆ ðÄøÆÞðÄÀ 1995Â. ÒììàðìÌ ÆðòØÜ ØÆæÆÜ Üðàì/àÈàð ÎððÆ îÜîêàôÂÚàôÜÜðàôØ, ØÈð ðØ/

.

.

1996é ïáÏáë

.

1988é

1990é

1991é

1994é

1995é

1996é

1988é

1991é

1995é

.

ëïóÇ

ÝÏïÙÙ

ÐóÑïÇÏ

37.4

27.1

30.4

23.8

26.2

32.8

87.7

107.9

125.2

ÌËËáï

4.8

1.0

0.6

0.3

0.1

0.05

1.0

8.3

50.0

ÊáñÝÇ

-

0.4

0.2

0.02

-

-

-

-

-

ÎñïáýÇÉ

20.7

21.3

27.5

41.7

42.8

42.3

204.3

153.8

98.9

ÝçñÕÝ

45.4

31.2

34.4

34.0

36.1

35.5

78.2

103.2

98.3

áëïÝÕÝ

4.2

2.2

2.5

3.0

3.8

4.2

100.0

168.0

110.5

ÊÕáÕ

21.4

14.4

19.1

21.1

15.5

15.8

73.8

82.7

101.9

äïáõÕ

28.9

18.6

20.0

15.3

17.5

18.9

65.4

94.5

108.0

ØÇë /ëåÝÛÇÝ ùßÁ/

101.9

83.5

76.2

41.0

42.3

42.3

41.5

55.5

100.0

ÎÃ

56.6

43.2

41.2

41.5

42.8

43.1

76.1

104.6

100.7

Òáõ

24.7

20.7

19.4

7.7

7.9

7.7

31.2

39.7

97.5

áõñ

2.6

1.8

1.6

1.1

1.0

0.9

34.6

56.2

90.0

ÀÝÙÝÁ

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

ÛáõÕïÝïëáõÃÛáõÝ

348.6

265.4

273.1

230.6

236.0

243.6

69.9

89.2

103.2

Û ÃíáõÙ

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

áõëáõÍáõÃÛáõÝ

162.8

116.2

134.7

139.3

142.0

149.6

91.9

111.1

105.3

ÝëÝáõÍáõÃÛáõÝ

185.8

149.2

138.4

91.3

94.0

94.0

50.6

67.9

100.0

Øñ ÏáÕÙÇó ÏïñíÍ áõëáõÙÝëÇñáõÃÛáõÝÝñÁ óáõÛó Ý ïÉÇë, áñ ÝËÏÇÝáõÙ ÑÝñåïáõÃÛÝ ÑÙËéÝ ñïñÝùÇ ßËáõÙÁ Áëï ëÑÙÝíÍ ÑáíÍÝñÇ, ÏïñÉáõó Ñïá, ñïñÝùÇ ÙÝãÝãÇÝ ÙëÝ ñ ÙÝáõÙ ÝÏãáõÃÛÝÁ ßËÉáõ ÑÙñ, ÇëÏ åÏëÁ ÑÇÙÝÏÝáõÙ ÉñóíáõÙ ñ åïáõÃÛÝ åÑáõëïÝñÇ, ÙÇáõÃÝÏÝ ýáÝñÇ áõ ñëÇó` ÝñÙáõÍáõÙÝñÇ ÑßíÇÝ:

ÐßíÇ éÝÉáí ÝÏÉÇÙÛÏÝ, ÛÇÝ ÛÉ ÛáõñÑïÏáõÃÛáõÝÝñÁ, ÙÏ ßÝãÇ ûñÅÝÇ ÏÉáñÇÏÝáõÃÛÝ ÝáñÙÝ ÑÝñåïáõÃÛÝ ÝÏãáõÃÛÝ ÑÙñ ëÑÙÝíÉ 2804 ÏÏÉ: ÉÝÉáí ÑÝñåïáõÃÛÝ ÑÝñíáñáõÃÛáõÝÝñÇó,Û ÝáñÙÝñÁ åÏëóíÉ Ý,ÑïÏåë ÝëÝáõÍÏÝ ÙÃñùÝñÇ ÝÏïÙÙ /ÕÛáõëÏ 6/:

ÕÛáõëÏ 6

ÐÆØÜÎÜ êÜÜØÂðøÜðÆ öêîòÆ êäèàôØÀ ØÎ ÞÜâÆ ÐÞìàì /Î ØÎ îðì ÐØð/

.

üÇÇáÉá-

ÇÏÝ,

ÇïÏÝ. ÑÇÙÝí.

ÝáñÙÝñ

.

1997Ã. ïáÏáëÝñáí

.

.

1985

1988

1990

1991

1994

1996

1997

1985

1991

1996

ÝÏïÙÙ

Ðó ÑóÙÃñù

128

134

131

121

130

140

127

126

94.0

96.9

99.2

ÎñïáýÇÉ

58

65

60

54

55

79.9

81.3

70

107.7

127.3

86.1

ÝçñÕÝ

121

117

139

116

109

113.1

124

94.5

80.8

86.7

76.2

áëïÝÕÝ

20

18

17

9

10

12.5

16

16.6

92.2

166.0

103.8

äïáõÕ ÑïåïáõÕ

72

43

48

30

47

36

43.6

27.7

64.4

58.9

63.5

ÊÕáÕ

20

8

11

18

12

20

20

21

262.5

175.0

105.0

Þùñ

34.5

28.7

33.4

36

12

9.5

16.7

17.1

59.6

142.5

102.4

áõëÏÝ ÛáõÕ

7.7

2.4

4.7

2.9

1.6

2.5

5.7

6.0

250.0

375.0

105.3

ØÇë ÙëÙÁÃñù

75

49

53

42

27

13.1

27.3

28.0

57.1

103.7

102.6

Îà ÏÃÝÙÃñù/íñÍÍ ÏÃÇ/

392

433

457

420

285

162.5

120.4

114.9

51.3

77.9

184.5

Òáõ /Ñï/

251

148

169

154

201

75

70

72

48.6

35.8

102.9

ÒáõÏ

ÓÏÝÙÃñù

12.8

4.9

6.1

7.1

3.6

2.3

0.5

0.8

16.3

22.2

160.0

ÝëÝáõÍÏÝ ÙÃñùÝñáí åÑáííÍáõÃÛáõÝÁ ëÏÝ ñïñáõÃÛÝ ÑßíÇÝ, 1997Ã. ýÇÇáÉáÇÏÝ ÝáñÙÝñÇ ÝÏïÙÙ ÏÙÉ ÙëÇÝÁ 37.3%, ÏÃÇÝÁ 56.6, ÓíÇÝÁ 28.7, ÓÏÝÁ 6.2%, ÇëÏ 1991Ã. ëïóÇ ëåéÙÝ ÙÏñÏÇ ÝÏïÙÙ ÑÙåïëËÝñ 102.9, 193.0, 52.9 22.2%

ÆÝãåë óáõÛó Ý ïÉÇë ÙÏ ßÝãÇ Ñßíáí ÑÇÙÝÏÝ ÙÃñùÝñÇ ñïñáõÃÛÝ óáõóÝÇßÝñÁ /ÕÛáõëÏ 7/, 1996Ã. Ïñ׳ïíÉ ÏÃÇ ÝñÙáõÍÙÝ ÍíÉÁ, áñÇ ÑïÝùáí ëåéáõÙÁ åÏëÉ /29.3%/: äÏëÉ Ý ÓíÇ ëåéÙÝ ÙÏñÏÁ: ØÏ ÝÏãÇ Ñßíáí 1996Ã. ëåéíÉ 51 Óáõ ÏÙ ÝáñÙÛÇ ÙÇÛÝ 20.3%-Á: ÒÏÝÛÇÝ ïÝïëáõÃÛáõÝÁ åÑáíáõÙ ÝÏãáõÃÛÝ ÏñÇùÝñÇ ÙÇÛÝ 20 ïáÏáëÁ:

ÊÇëï ÇçÉ íñÙßÏáÕ ñÛáõÝñáõÃÛáõÝÁ ïÕÏÝ ñïñÝùÇ ÑßíÇÝ ÑáõÙùáí åÑáíÉáõ ÙÏñÏÁ: à 1990Ã. ÑÝñåïáõÃÛÝ íñÙßÏáÕ ñÛáõÝñáõÃÛÝ ÏñáÕáõÃÛáõÝÝñÇ ûïáñÍáõÙÁ ÏÙÉ ÙÇçÇÝ Ñßíáí 35-45%, å 1995-1997ÃÃ. ÛÝ ÏÙÉ Ùáï 20-25%: ÐÝñåïáõÃÛÝ ÝÏãáõÃÛÝÁ åñÝáí íñÙßÏáÕ ñÛáõÝñáõÃÛáõÝÁ ÑáõÙùáí åÑáíÙÝ áñÍÁÝÃóÁ åÛÙÝíáñíáõÙ ÛáõÕïÝïëáõÃÛÝ ÑÇÙÝÏÝ ÛáõÕñÇ ñóáõÙáí:

ÕÛáõëÏ 7

ÚàôÔîÜîêÎÜ ÐÆØÜÎÜ ØÂðøÜðÆ ðîðàôÂÚàôÜÀØÎ ÞÜâÆ ÐÞìàì /Î ØÎ îðì ÐØð/

.

.

.

.

.

.

öëïóÇ åÑáííÍáõÃÛáõÝÁ

ýÇÇáÉáÇÏÝ ÝáñÙÝñÇ

ÝÏïÙÙ /%/

.

1988Ã.

1990Ã.

1991Ã.

1995Ã.

1996Ã.

1991Ã.

1996Ã.

ÐóÑïÇÏ ÀÝÙÝÁ

105

75.8

85

69.9

87.3

66.4

68.2

/Û ÃíáõÙëÝÝÇ óáñÝ/

46.2

33.0

36.4

30.3

37.5

.

.

ÎñïáýÇÉ

60

59.4

75

114

112

129.3

193.1

ÝçñÕÝ

164

109

119

120

118

98.3

97.5

áëïÝÕÝ

17.9

8.8

10

14

16

50.0

80.0

äïáõÕ ÑïåïáõÕ

71.5

43.1

46

39

42

63.9

58.3

ÊÕáÕ

62

40.2

53.4

41

42

267.0

210.0

ØÇë ÙëÙÃñù

33

27.4

23.6

12.5

12.5

31.5

16.7

ÎÃ

164

123.6

115

114

115

29.3

29.3

Òáõ

179

140

136

53

51

54.1

20.3

ÛáõÕïÝïëáõÃÛÝ ñÏáõ ÑÇÙÝÏÝ ÛáõÕñÇ áõëáõÍáõÃÛÝ ÝëÝáõÍáõÃÛÝ ñóÙÝ ÙÏñÏÝñÇ Ñï ÏåíÍ, áñáßÏÇ ááËáõÃÛáõÝÝñÇ ÝÃñÏíÉ ÛáõÕïÝïëÏÝ ÙÃñùÝñÇ ñïñáõÃÛÝ ÏéáõóíÍùÁ:

ÜßÝù, áñ 1987-1990ÃÃ. ÑÙËéÝ ñïñÝùÇ Ùç ñÏáõ ÛáõÕñÇ ÅÝãñÁ ÑÙÙïñ ÏÛáõÝ Ý ÕÉ, ÇëÏ ëÏëÍ 1991-1992ÃÃ. ÛÝ ÏïñáõÏ ááËáõÃÛáõÝÝñÇ ÝÃñÏíÉ, áñïÕ ÉÇáñÝ íÉóÉ áõëáõÍÏÝ ÙÃñùÝñÇ ïëÏññ ÏßÇéÁ /ÕÛáõëÏ 8/:

ÕÛáõëÏ 8

ÚàôÔîÜîêÎÜ ðîðÎÜ ÖÚàôÔÚÆÜ ÎèàôòìÌøÀ /%/

.

1987é

1990é

1992é

1995é

1996é

1997é

ÛáõÕïÝïëáõÃÛÝ ÑÙËéÝ ñïñÝùÇ ïëÏññ ÏßÇéÁ

.

.

.

.

.

.

/ áõëáõÍÏÝ ÙÃñùÝñ

45.4

45.1

60.5

62.5

62.9

60.0

/ ÝëÝáõÍÏÝ ÙÃñùÝñ

54.6

54.9

39.5

37.5

37.1

40.0

ñíÍ ïíÛÉÝñÇó ñáõÙ , áñ 1987-1990ÃÃ. ÛáõÕïÝïëáõÃÛÝ ÑÙËéÝ ñïñÝùÇ ÏëÇó íÉÇÝ/54.6 54.9ïáÏáë/ ÏÙÉ Ý ÝëÝáõÍÏÝ ÙÃñùÝñÁ: ÛáõÕïÝïëÏÝ ñïñáõÃÛÝ ÏéáõóíÍùáõÙ ÝÙÝ ÑññáõÃÛáõÝÁ ñÏÝáñÝ ÝÑïíáõÙ, ùÝÇ áñ ÝëÝáõÍÏÝ ÙÃñùÝñÁ à åÑÝçÇ Ã ûïáñÍÙÝ ÇÙëïáí íÉÇ ñÓñ Ý ÝÑïíáõÙ:

êÏÛÝ, ÝëÝáõÍÏÝ ÙÃñùÝñÇ ïëÏññ ÏßÇéÁ ÑÙËéÝ ñïñÝùÇ Ùç ÑïÛáõÙ ÉÇáñÝ Ýíó 1997Ã. ÏÙó ÁÝÙÝÁ 40.0 ïáÏáë, ÇëÏ áõëáõÍÏÝ ÙÃñùÝñÇ ñïñáõÃÛáõÝÁ ÁÝÑÏéÏÁ íÉóí ÏÙó 60.0 ïáÏáë: ÜÙÝ ÑÝÙÝùÁ, ÉÝÉáí ÝÏãáõÃÛÝÁ ÉíáõÛÝ Óáí ëÝÝáí åÑáíÉáõ ÇïÏÝ ÝáñÙÝñÇó, ÏñÉÇ ÝÑïÉ áñåë ãññóíÍ ãÑÇÙÝíáñíÍ ñÛáõÝù:

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