Around the Araratian Civilization

Digest N1, ArcaLer-Hayknet, 2010


1. Mesopotamia’s civilization originated in Armenia
PanARMENIAN.Net, July 2, 2010

PanARMENIAN.Net - Unique discoveries revealed as a result of excavations at Shengavit (4000-3000 B.C.) confirm that Armenia is the motherland of metallurgy, jeweler’s art, wine-making and horse breeding.
A group of archaeologists studying the ancient city concluded that 4000-3000 B.C. Armenia was a highly developed state with exclusive culture. The excavations are carried out by an Armenian-American archaeological expedition.
Director of the Scientific and Research Institute of Historical and Cultural Heritage of the RA Ministry of Culture Simonyan said that for example, the glass beads discovered at the territory of Shengavit are of a higher quality than the Egypt samples.


2. One foot in the past: World's oldest shoe discovered in cave
By Colin Gleeson, June 10 2010

IT'S the world's oldest shoe. The perfectly preserved 5,500-year-old footwear was found under the floor of a cave by an international team of researchers led by Irish academic Dr Ron Pinhasi.
The leather shoe, found in Armenia, dates back to around 3,500 BC. It is made of a single piece of cow hide and was shaped to fit the wearer's foot.
When excavated, the shoe was found to contain grass, but archaeologists are uncertain as to whether this was to keep the foot warm or to maintain the shape of the shoe.
The stable, cool and dry conditions in the cave resulted in exceptional preservation of the various objects that were found, which included large containers, many of which held well-preserved wheat and barley, apricots and other edible plants.
The preservation was also helped by the fact that the floor of the cave was covered by a thick layer of sheep dung, which acted as a solid seal over the objects.


3. New Discoveries in Jiroft May Change History of Civilization

Archeological excavations in Jiroft led to the discovery of several objects belonging to the fourth millennium BC, a time that goes beyond the age of civilization in Mesopotamia.
Tehran, 26 January 2006 (CHN) -- Latest archeological excavations in Jiroft, known as the hidden paradise of world archeologists, resulted in the discovery of a bronze statue depicting the head of goat which dates back to the third millennium BC. This statue was found in the historical cemetery of Jirof where recent excavations in the lower layers of this cemetery revealed that the history of the Halil Rud region dates back to the fourth millennium BC, a time that goes well beyond the age of civilization in Mesopotamia.


4. Jiroft and Jiroft-Aratta
A Review Article of Yousef Madjidzadeh,
Jiroft: The Earliest Oriental Civilization

Rudyard Kiplings poem (from The ElephantsChild) has been with me for yearsand I havepreviously cited it.1 In researching the Jiroftstory it resurfaced in my mind because the epis-temological questions it poses are pertinent tothe following discussion, and thus I (appropri-ately) cite it again here:

I keep six honest serving-men
(They taught me all I knew);
Their names are What and Why and When
And How and Where and Who.
I send them over land and sea,
I send them east and west;
. . . For they are hungry men,
But different folk have different views . . .


5. 1 The Road to Paradise
By David Rohl

The snow-covered dome of the Mountain of God, shrouded in clouds, towered above the old Mongol village of Kandovan, known locally as 'the honeycomb'. I had finally reached the volcanic peak where, according to the prophet Ezekiel, God looked down from his lofty (*can I have this back as 'lofty throne' is another term for God's mountain*?) throne onto the earthly paradise of Adam and Eve. The air was clear and sharp at ten thousand feet above sea level as the long Iranian winter of 1996 began to give way to the spring thaw – and I was feeling on top of the world.

5.2 Opener of the Ways
The world's oldest maps discovered in Egypt's Eastern Desert
By David Rohl

In the previous article I reported to you on a series of survey expeditions into Egypt's vast desert wilderness in search of prehistoric rock art from before the time of the pharaohs. I can now reveal a stunning new discovery, made by the Followers of Horus Eastern Desert Survey, which throws fresh light on the mysterious people who carved those rock art images over 5000 years ago.


6. The Late Acheulian Site of Dashtadem-3 in Armenia
EUGEN M. KOLPAKOV, International Centre for Strategic and Political Studies, Saint-Petersburg Division, Smolenka River Embankment 14-417, Saint-Petersburg 199178, RUSSIA; and, Bolshaya Pushkarskaya 43-31, Saint-Petersburg 197101, RUSSIA

Dashtadem-3, discovered in 2004, is the only open-air Acheulian site in situ in the Caucasus. The site is located 25km northwest from the town of Stepanavan (1902 m asl). In 20042006 an area of 5x6m was excavated to a depth of 1m. The sediments are represented by loam soil which rests on a bedrock of porforitic andesite. The bedrock is situated from 0m to 1m beneath modern ground surface. The artifacts were not redeposited but rather partly displaced during the process of soil formation and erosion of the andesite bedrock. Organic remains were not found. The excavated area yielded 2,464 Late Acheulian artifacts from hyalo-dacite. These consist of 81 cores and 262 tools, including 49 handaxes, 8 Levallois points, 21 scrapers, 13 end-scrapers, 52 backed knives, 66 beak-like pieces, and 17 notched pieces. The typological assemblage of Dashtadem-3 can be identified as Late Acheulian.


7. Language-tree divergence times support the Anatolian theory of Indo-European origin
Russell D.Gray & Quentin D.Atkinson
Department of Psychology, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1020, New Zealand

Languages, like genes, provide vital clues about human history. The origin of the Indo-European language family is the most intensively studied, yet still most recalcitrant, problem of historical linguistics. Numerous genetic studies of Indo-European origin shave also produced in conclusive results. Here we analyse linguistic data using computational methods derived from evolution arybiology.


8. Thomas V. Gamkrelidze and V. V. Ivanov
The Early History
of Indo-European Languages
Scientific American, March 1990, pp. 110-116

FAMILY TREE of the Indo-European languages can be traced back to a protolanguage that flourished more than 6,000 years ago. The protolanguage split into dialects, which evolved into distinct languages; these then fissioned into generations of daughter languages. Tocharian, a dead language of Asia, has ties to Celtic, an ancient European tongue. Similarities between the Balto-Slavic and Indo-Iranian families indicate that they influenced each other before their speakers moved north and
south, respectively. Dead languages are shown in italics; languages that left no literary remains are enclosed in brackets.


9. The common origin of the Gods names Yahweh (Jehovah) and Zeus
Igor K. Garshin

This exploration is about Indo-European origins of many biblical theonyms: Yahwe (Jehovah), Noah etc. Origin Yahwe and Zeus names from Boreal (North-Nostratic) word-root *deiuo/Dieuo (Day, Sky).

In given clause mainly, it is investigated a possible communication of the biblical names Jehovah and Noah with the Indo-European forms *Dieuo - "the Supreme God, personyfied the sky" (see Classical Greek Zeus). Also it is investigated *naHu - "a boat, a vessel" (see navigation", navigator).


, , *Dieuo , (. .-. Zeus ) *naHu - , (. . navigation , navigator ), .


10. Mounth Ararat. Archaeological Survey
By Professor Dr. Cevat Basaran, Assistant Professor Dr. Vedat Keles, and Rex Geissler
Bible and Spade 21.3 (2008)

One of the most important and mysterious subjects that has remained from antiquity to this day has been the Flood of Noah, along with the views of where the Ark and those in it came to rest. We ? nd various views about the Flood of Noah not only in the holy books representing the three great religions (Lewis 1984: 224), but also in almost all the important cultures of antiquity, in ancient sources (Montgomery 1974) and modern research about the Flood (Brown 2008). Throughout various time periods, research has been done regarding the location of the boat and the search for its remains.


July 30, 2010, ArcaLer-Hayknet