Copyright (c) SEARCH, 1996
O ABTOPA

AOO O OBEH OOCHOBAHHX METOOB EEH MHOX OEHE EOBEECTBO C CEXOM PMEHO P METOOB EEH TEX OEHE, OOCHOBAHHX HA PAKTECKX BECTHX CBOCTBAX PAHX TPAB HACTOEK.

 MHO HO PMEHEHO OPHAHOE POCTOE EEHE. OCHOBA TOO EEH AKAETC B COCAH OCOHEHOO MACA. EOBEECK OPAHM P TOM BPACBAET CE BO MEPTB AACT (MKPO CO, C PE HEHHE OPAHM BEECTBA). PMEHT TOT METO HAO O TEX OP, OKA HE OBTC OPOCT, CA, COKOCTBE XOPO COH.

 OCE CHA EOBEKA HE OHO HEO OET, OH OEH BCTBOBAT CE OTOXHBM, HE OHO T MEKOB O AAM, OEH T XOPO AETT, AMT T. .

 CEET MET B B, TO P EEH TM COCOOM MOT BOHKHT BPEMEHHE OCOHEH, OCOEHHO E C MHOOCEHHM AOEBAHM. BOPOC O TOM, CKOKO PA MOHO PMEHT POEP, EAC OEH PET CAM, CXO COCTOH OPOB. TM COCOOM MOHO ET OT OPOMHOO KOECTBA OEHE, HE PEA K EEH EKAPCTBAM. TOT COCO BETC OHOBPEMEHHO POAKTECKM. OCTPOE AOEBAHE BEBAETC OEH CTPO, B TEEHE BX HE. EEHE CTAPEBX, XPOHECKX - TEHOE BPEM, HOA OAM. TM COCOOM MOHO ET TAKE OEH, KAK OOBHE O, PAKT, EC, OXO, AOEBAH EKA, KEHKA, CEPA, EKX, EEH, EHCKE AOEBAH, HEAT.
 


EEHE XPOHECKX ACTAPEBX AOEBAH

P OOBHO O - CT CBEE KACT POT K BCK, ATK, . TO E CAMOE CEET CEAT P HAPHX TPABMAX, AX OOAX.

 KBAEHA KACTA - EBAT KPEEH ECEH.

 CPE TEPTE KH KAPTOE - PKABAT K OOAM MECTAM, OAPEHHM KTKOM (P OOE MOHO OTAT MOPKOB).

 COK MOPKOBH - PEKOMEHETC B EPBE H P AOEBAH HAPKTOM MOKAPA.

 COK PEK - O CTOOBO OKE 3 PAA B EH P KAE OXPOCT. OKABAET XOPOEE ECTBE POTB OPAOBAH B OKAX, EEH KAMHE, PEKOMEHETC P EHO-KAMEHHO OEH.

 COK PE - HATPATC P POCTE PEBMATME. PEA ECTBET CAEE PEK. COK, CMEAHH C MEOM, OMOAET P KAE. BAPEH TEPT KOPEH PE PKABAT K OHM MECTAM P OAPE.

 K ECHOK - TEPTM KOM PACTPAT OMOPOEHHE MECTA, PKABAT (B MAPE) HA 10-15 MHT K HOPM P HACMOPKE. EEH K COCOCTBET HAPEBAH HAPBOB.

 COK ETPK - COKOEH P KCAX KOMAPOB, E PX HACEKOMX.

 KPO - P KOKAX AOPAX.

 ME - 1 CTOOB OK MEA HA CTAKAH TEO BO A 1-2 ACA O CHA. CTPEE CHETE E BCTEC.

 COCAHE MACA OCOHEHOO - XPOHECK AMOPT. COCO ET BEC OPAHM OHOBPEMEHHO, PEPEAET ET HAAH CTA OKAECTBEHHO OXO, HAPKTA. METO POCT, EBPEEH EKTBEH. HOA BAET BPEMEHHOE OOCTPEHE, TO BETC PETATOM PACCAEH OAOB OEH.

 COCO AKAETC B CEEM: PACTTEHOE MACO (E OCOHEHOE APAXCOBOE) B KOECTBE HE OEE 1 CTOOBO OK COCPEOTABAETC B EPEHE ACT PTA, MACO COCETC KAK KOHETA. OTAT MACO HE. POEPA COCAH EAETC OEH EKO, CBOOHO, E HAPEH 15-20 MHT. CHAAA MACO EAETC CTM, ATEM KM, KAK BOA, OCE EO CEET BHT. BHTA KOCT OHA T EO, KAK MOOKO. EC KOCT ETA, TO POECC COCAH HE OBEEH O KOHA. HAO POT POECC COCAH, OCE EO HEOXOMO COOCHT POT. BHTA KOCT HEKOHHA OHA T BHTA B CAHE AKOAHA B EM.

 T POEP CEET EAT OH PA, E TPOM HATOAK, MOHO BEEPOM EPE CHOM. CKOPEH EEH MOHO CEAT POEP HECKOKO PA B EH. BPEA OHA HE PHOCT. BO BPEM COCAH OPAHM OCBOOAETC OT BPEHX MKPOOB, CBAETC AOOMEH, AKTBPETC HAABAETC OMEH BEECTB.
 


EEH AAX

BAEPAHA - CAMOE PACPOCTPAHEHHOE CPECTBO OT MHOX OEHE. ABTOP CTPAAA APTEPOKAPOCKEPOOM C HAPEHEM MOOBOO KPOBOOPAEH, HAPKT, EHTPAH CTEHO. CTAA HXAT BAEPAH HA HO - CTAA E CAT, OKPEA, PEKPATC O B OACT CEPA HEPTHE OEH, AC HEPBHA CCTEMA, OCBEEA OOBA PEKPATC CAM, OMTHEHE A. BCKAT OOEPEHO B KA HOP 1-2 PAA. EC OT OOBA, TO HAT BAEPAHA ECTBET OEH OPO - BEKA OA, HEOXOMO OPAHM PT, EO B EPBE H CEET CEAT HEOKE BOX, ATEM OCTEEHHO BOX T. HA E C BCOKM ABEHEM OHA OO HE OKABAET AMETHOO ECTB BO CHE, ATEM BET AOTBOPHO CHAET ABEHE. EC BHAAE COH CTAHOBTC KPEKM HA HECKOKO ACOB, POCHBC HAO OKPET OBTOPHM BHXBAHEM. H B KOEM CAE HE HXAT BAEPAH KOA HAO OPCTBOBAT. B TOM CAE OPA CO CHOM OCE HXAH BEET K HEPBHOM PACCTPOCTB. B TEEHE 3-4 MECEB EOBEK KBAHO EPEPOAETC.

 MEHTO - 2: 5; AHACTEH - 1: 5; CPT - 100 P. TO CPECTBO EBAET EMOPPO - BTPAT BATHM TAMOHOM, CMOEHHM TM PACTBOPOM BA PAA B EH. HE HAO OTC OCE BTPAH KPATKOBPEMEHHOO EH.

 TO CPECTBO CHMAET O POO XAPAKTEPA. P PAKTE HAO CMABAT ATOH ACT, OBOHOHK OACT O XO CAHOO HEPBA. TOT COCO EBAET OTOEHE COE, AATPT - OHOCT.

 P OX B XE - CEET CMABAT OKPHOCT XA 2 PAA B EH, AE P CHO AHHE MOHO OTC CTPOO OEEH. HHO CMAAT OACT OT E O XA. B EPO, KOA "OMAET" PK HO, XOPOO POTEPET BATHM TAMOHOM, CMOEHHM B PACTBOPE, XOT OH PA B HEE. TO CPECTBO OCOEHHO HEAMEHMO B EHCOHHOM BOPACTE, KOA HE CATC HO. TOO CTH HO OKOEHHE BEMK OCTATOHO CMAAT OH PA B EH.

 TO CPECTBO CHAET ABEHE, OMOAET P OOBHX OX, BETC PEKPACHM CPECTBOM OT ECCOHH. PEKOMEHEMOE CPECTBO EBPEHO, M CEET POTPAT OHOE MECTO EPE CHOM.

 BCKA PHAA "ME. PAOTHK": OHA HAXOAC B HCTTTE C AHOOM PAK MATK B OTEEH AHPEHHOO PACAA TKAHE. A BCAHA KAK HEEMA. EPE POOTEHOE BPEM OHA A OCEOBAHA, OKAAAC OPOBO PABA B BECE 22 K. OKAAOC, TO OHA PHMAA CMEC: ME-MACK, AO, KPACHOE BHOPAHOE BHO (ME - 630 P, AO - 370 P, BHO - 675 P). AO MEAT B MCOPKE, BOPACT AO - 3-5 ET, O CPEA HE OBAT 5 HE, BCE CTABTC B TEMHOE MECTO HA T HE. PHMAT EPBE 5 HE O AHO OKE, ATEM O CTOOBO OKE, ATEM O CTOOBO OKE 3 PAA B EH A 1 AC O E. CPOK EEH 2-3 HEE. TA CMEC B TO E OPOBKE ET TEPKE, B EKA, MOHO ET XPOHECK AHH BCE XPOHECKE AOEBAH.

 P BE EKA - OEHH KAPTOE OTBAPT, CT BO, T EE HE COEH O OCTAKAHA 3 PAA B EH. T CBEE, HE OCKAT OP.

 PA AXOBA - EBAETC PKAOM AOPTHKA (BOHO MOX), KOMPECC HA HO HA OHOE MECTO.

 TOBHA EEA - EBAETC OHOCT: T OTBAP CBEEO HECOEHOO HAMA.

 AEOBA OEH - EBAETC OHOCT: ABAPEHHE KAK A MACKE HEAK.

 HOH HEAT - T KAK A ABAPEHH MACK KPAB.

 AKOMA - EBAETC HACTOEM TPAB, COPAHHX B MAE: HA 1 CTAKAH BO: KPABA MACKA OCTAKAHA, EECTK AHA 1 AHA OKA, BCE CMEAT, AT OCTOT 8-9 ACOB B TEMHOM MECTE, OABT O AHO OK TEBO CO OEHH MACC PKABAT K OHM MECTAM.

 KOHKTBT - HACTO CPX CBEX , EPETC TOKO EOK. 2 EKA C OCTAKAHA XOOHOO KTKA, CMEAT, AT OCTOT 30-40 MHT B TEMHOM MECTE TO MACCO HAMABAT OHE MECTA HA HO A 10-15 MHT O CHA.

 CAXAPH AET - HACTOKA CEAHX PACTEH, COPAHHX B MAE: OXOBE CT - OCTAKAHA CBEEO CTA, OHA CTOOBA OKA CBEX BETOB KPAB, CT EE HA CBET, OABT EOTK CO. T O AHO OKE 2 PAA B EH: TPOM A 30 MHT O E, BEEPOM EPE CHOM.
 


TETCKA MEHA

0, 4 CTAKAHA EEHEBHO APHOO MOOKA ET OK.

 MAHHA KAA - KOM A 40 ET, OEH EEHEBHO CEAT HECKOKO OEK MAHHO KA. XOPOO ECTBET HA KOCT, EH KEH TPAKT, M.

 KPA - PAET ECK C.

 XA - TBAET BCEX CAX, OCOEHHO K.

 OPEX, M, CP - EEHEBHOE OTPEEHE TOHPET EHTPAH HEPBH CCTEM, CHMAET TOMEHHOCT, OOBH O, O CEPEHO M, OEHO P AOEBAH EEH - 350 P PEKX OPEXOB, 20 P MA.

 TBOPO - PEBOCXOHOE CPECTBO P ATEPOCKEPOE, AOEBAHX EEH, CEPA. CEAT O 100 P B CTK.

 MOH AECH - OEH P HA HAAHX OPM EPTOH, EHCKX AOEBAHX BEEH TOBHO EE. 0, 5 MOHA HATEPET HA TEPKE C KOPO, CMEAT C CAXAPOM. PHMAT O AHO OKE 3 PAA B EH.

 KKBA - C OHEHHO KCOTHOCT - ACTPT.

 EMHKA - KAMH B EEH - O 0, 5 CTAKAHA 6 PA B EH.

 ETPKA - COCOCTBET CBEPTBAH KPOB, PEKOMEHETC P AOEBAH KPOB. PHMAT KP O.

 OK - CKEPO COCOB, AAPA.

 EPHOOHA PHA - COEPT MHOO OA, PEKOMEHETC P CKEPOE HA OA - 1 K PH, 2 K CAXAPA. PHMAT O AHO OKE 3 PAA B EH.

 EPTOH - T A, APABEH MACKM EM KEBEPOM.

 OTOEHE COE - BT OCTAKAHA PEHK, OCTAKAHA KOOTX CXAPE, O AHO OK CO BCE CMEAT, AT OCTOT 3-6 ACOB HA CBET, POET PKABAT T MACC HA AC EPE CHOM.

 OP HA HOAX - EBAETC KOCT, KOTOPA OAETC OT CBA MACC OT OTOEH COE.

 ACEH HA PKAX - OEPAT PK B OTBAPE CBEE TPECK.

 BA EKA - COCTAB BETOB COPAHHX B ABCTE: KPACH OH - 2 CTOOBX OK, KPACH EOPH - 0, 5 CTAKAHA, KPACHA POA - 0, 5 CTAKAHA, 1 CTAKAH BO. BCE CMEAT, BEPAT 6-7 HE B TEMHOM MECTE (XOOHOM) T O CTOOBO OKE 3 PAA B EH, O TOO OABT AH OK CO, TO OBC COK.

 M B EEH - T HATOAK PACCO KBAEHO KACT O OCTAKAHA EPE EO A 30 MHT.

 KAMH B OKAX - HA 1 CTAKAH BO OCTAKAHA OXOBO KOP, OABT 0, 5 CTAKAHA MEA, BCE CMEAT, POKTT 10-15 MHT, OABT 0, 5 AHO OK CO T O CTOOBO OKE OCE E.

 O - T O OCTAKAHA CBEX EOBX BETOK, COPAHHX B CEHTPE, ABAPEHHX KAK A, HA CTAKAH KPTOO KTKA.

 PEBMATM - HATPAT OHOE MECTO CEAHM COCTABOM: BET KOPA, COPAHHE B CEHTPE - 0, 5 CTAKAHA POMAK, 0, 5 CTAKAHA EECTKOB KPACHOO EOPHA, 1 CTOOBA OKA EECTKOB HEAK, 1 CTOOBA OKA KPACHO BOK, 1 CTOOBA OKA OXOBO KOP, 1 AHA OKA BOBO KOP HA 1 CTAKAH BO, BCE CMEAT, OABT OOK CO AT OCTOT HA CBET B XOOHOM MECTE 11-16 HE.

 BOCAEHE EKX - MOOT CTOETHK AHA OKA CO, AT OCTOT B TEE, T O 1 CTOOBO OKE 3 PAA B EH A AC EPE EO.

 MEHTHE THA BOPACTHOE PAPAEHE A PK: POMT O PK EKOM 2-X , CMEAHHX C 3-4 CTAKAHAM KPTOO KTKA.

 APAEHE KPOB - T KAK A ABAPEHH EE.

 MAOKPOBE - T O OCTAKAHA A AC EPE EO CBE PCOB OTBAP E CO.

 EMOPPO - ABAPT MAPTOBCK OXOB KOP T KAK A 2 PAA B EH, TPOM OCE E BEEPOM EPE CHOM.

 TEPKE - T HATOAK OTBAP KAMOBX CTEB (OCTAKAHA CTEB OCTAKAHA KPTOO KTKA), ABAPT, POKTT T 3 PAA B EH.

 KATAP BEPXHX XATEHX TE - T OPEE MOOKO CO CBOHM MACOM (3-4 CTAKAHA MOOKA 50 P MACA)

 A HA TEE - POTEPET TEO OTBAPOM PEK (2 CTAKAHA BO HA CTAKAH PEHEBO KP).

 ACTMA POHXAHA - HACTO TPAB: CTAKAH BO, OCTAKAHA OXA MACKOO, OCTAKAHA OCHOBOO CTA, 1 AH OK CBEE OOK XT, CMEAT, OABT 0, 5 AHO OK CO, BEPAT B TEMHOM MECTE 5-6 HE T O 1 CTOOBO OKE PA B EH TPOM EPE EO.

 ACTMA CEPEHA - HACTO TPAB: KPABA APECKA OCTAKAHA, EEA APECKA 2 CTOOBX OK, KAMOBE CT MOOTE - AHA OKA, BAH-A - AHA OKA, CTAKAH BO. BCE CMEAT, OABT OAHO OK CO, BEPAT 10 HE HA CBET B TEE T O AHO OKE 1 PA B EH TPOM EPE EO.

 MACKA CPOO A (ETKA) - PAABAET CX EAC KO, CTPAHET P MOPH.

 OPEH COK - OCBEAET KO, OEHO POTPAT O OMTKOM C TPA.

 CTAKAH MOOKA KEPA - COXPAHET CBE P KO.

 BTAMH A - BTAMH KPACOT, P EO HEOCTATOHOCT BOOC HOT TPABAT ECK, OMATC, KOA ETC, PEOPETAET CEPOBATO-EMCT BET, CTAHOBTC CXO, O TPAM B OKAX A COEPAETC EOBATOE BEECTBO. BTAMH A: P P, EEH, CBOHOE MACO, CMETAHA, MOOKO, H ETOK, ETPKA, OMOP, MOPKOB, EEH OPOEK, HAT, CAAT. POKT, COAE BTAMH A CEET OEPAT HA COHE, HA CBET HA BOXE.

 KPABA - COPAT B MOMEHT BETEH - 1 CTOOBA OKA CEHO KPAB ABAETC 200 P KTKA (OATEHO B MAPOBAHHO OCE). ABEPHT B TEOE OEO, POET PHMAT O 1 CTOOBO OKE 3 PAA B EH P KMAKCE PAHX KPOBOTEEHX.

 OX OKHOBEHH - COPAETC B HAAE ABCTA, KOPH CAT, 100 P CXX KOPHE AMOT B TEO BOE (KEHO), KOA OMKHT, OCTT, HATEPET HA TEPKE KA, AT 0, 5 TPA KPTOO KTKA OEPAT HA CAOM OHE 15 MHT, HE ABAT KET. OCTT, POET PHMAT 4 PAA B EH O 1 CTOOBO OKE A 15-20 MHT O E B TEEHE MECA P XPOHECKOM PEBMATME OAPE.

 AO - CT PAT TOKO TOCTE (B TOHKX HET EEHX CBOCTB). 100 P COKA CMEAT CO 100 P MEA. PHMAT O AHO OKE 3 PAA B EH A 15-20 MHT O E B TEEHE 3-X HEE. HHO PHMAT P XPOHECKX AOPAX ACTPTE.

 OOPOHK - 1 CTOOBA OKA CEHOO OOPOHKA AT 15 M KPTOO KTKA B MAPOBAHHO OCE. ABEPHT B OEO AT HACTOTC. PHMAT O 1 CTOOBO OKE 3 PAA B EH A 15-20 MHT O E P XPOHECKOM POHXTE, KATAPE XATEHX TE, KOTE BE EKA.

 OBHK C MEOM - 1 AH OK OBHKA PACTOO AT 250 P KPTOO KTKA B MAPOBAHHO OCE, OEPAT HA CAOM OHE 10 MHT. HACTOT 24 ACA, ABEPHB B TEOE OEO, POET OABT OK MEA. PHMAT O 1 CTOOBO OKE 3 PAA B EH EPE EO A 15-20 MHT. OBAET OMEH BEECTB, OEEH P CTOEH, MAOKPOB, AKE C, HAPEH TKAHEBOO OMEHA. PHMAT MOHO KP O.
 


PAHEH A

EAT PAHEH HE OBOPABA OOB.

 1. BHTE BBEPX HA OTOOK, ATEM BH HA O.
2. BEH AAM OPOHTAHO BPABO, ATEM BEBO.
3. CMOTPTE B PAB BEPXH O AA, ATEM B EB.
4. BPAEHE A O ACOBO CTPEKE, ATEM POTB ACOBO CTPEK.
5. CMOTPTE B EB BEPXH O AA, ATEM B PAB.
6. CMOTPTE HA AH PEMET EPEHOCTEC HA CAMK.

 KAOE PAHEHE EAT 4 PAA OCE KAOO HX MOPAT HECKOKO PA OTXA AKPBAT AA.
TO PAHEHE OKABAET CAMOE COKOTEHOE ECTBE HA TOMEHHE AA HEPB.
PEPHOE BOHEHE TOO PAHEH AMETHO AET PEHE.
 


PEET

PEBHEKTACKOO OMEOATECKOO CPECTBA, HAEHHOO B 1971 O KCEE B TETCKX MOHACTPX

 

OAET OPAHM OT POBX BECTHKOBX OTOEH, PEKO AET OMEH BEECTB B OPAHME, B PETATE EO BCE COC OPAHMA, OCOEHHO KPOBEHOCHE, CTAHOBTC ACTHM, EM PEPEAETC HAPKT, CTEHOKAP, CKEPO, APA OPAOBAHE PAHX OXOE, CEAET M B OOBE BOCCTAHABBAETC PEHE.
 


POTOBEHE:

TATEHO POMT OCTT 350 P ECHOKA, MEKO EO HAPEAT, CTOO B OCE EPEBHHO AOKO. BBECT 200 P TO MACC BT 200 P 96% CPTA. COC AKPT XPAHT B TEMHOM POXAHOM MECTE 10 HE, OCE EO MACC POET EPE OTH TKAH OCAOK OTAT. EPE 2 H HAAT EEHE. T T MACC KAM C XOOHM MOOKOM (MOOKO 50 P) OEH CTPOO O CEE CXEME:
 
 

H PEMA EKAPCTBA O PEMA B KAX
ABTPAK OE H
1- EH 1 2 3
2- EH 4 5 6
3- EH 7 8 9
4- EH 10 11 12
5- EH 13 14 15
6- EH 15 14 13
7- EH 12 11 10
8- EH 9 8 7
9- EH 6 5 4
10- EH 3 2 1
11- EH 25 25 25
AE O 25 KAE O OHOO OTPEEH MKCTP. OBTOPT EEHE EPE 3-5 ET.