The epos, which was considered lost for 1500 years, is discovered
The father of the Armenian historiography, Movses Khorenatsy, in his book ,,The
History of Armenia,, which was written in the fifth century, quoted Olimpiodoros, the
Greek chronicle from Alexandria, as an authority, wrote " There was a book about
Ksisutrios and his sons, and it had been told there that way round: When Ksisutrios had
drifted to Armenia and met the land, one of his sons whose name was Sam went
towards North-Waste to see the world...".
Then ,retelling the certain excerpts of the lost book, Movses Khorenatsy testified how
the old people often had sung the subject of the book, accompanying it with dances and
Let's mention, that Ksisutrios was one of the names of the hero of the world flood.
Not only the historical original source which has 1500 years antiquity testifies that there
was a separate book about Noah. According to the Armenian stories, long ago, when
Bible was not been written yet, "Noah's Book" had been Armenians` sacred book.
Stories were silent about the circumstances of disappearance of the book and what had
happened to it.
The famous biblical story concerning Noah and the world flood is not unique. The first
epic story about "the first Noah" were left by Shumers in the third century B. C. After
that, the story of the world flood and the arc was retold by different folks variously
during hundreds of centuries. There are Babel, old Indian, Jewish, Greek, Asian
variants of the legend. Even the inhabitants of Northern and Southern America,
Australia and Indonesia have the epic stories about the world flood. Every folk
commented the world disaster uniquely and named their for father of "Noah" in their
own way. Armenia is in the center of the epic story of the flood. According to Bible, the
escape of mankind, during the flood, took place on the Ararat mountain, which is in
Armenia. The Armenians are sure that the Ark is on Ararat up to the present and they
adore the mountain.
The picture of the Ararat mountain, with Noah's Ark on its peak, decorates the state
Emblem of Republic of Armenia. The Armenians consider themselves Noah's those
heirs, who stayed in the neighbourood of the Ararat mountain, where they live up to
present. (The Ararat mountain is in the territory of Turkey, on the Armenian - Turkish border,
because of the present civil circumstances.)
Did the Armenians have their own for - biblical variant of the epos about the flood? The
folk, which has been living for thousand years on the land, where Noah's Ark had come
in, had to have his own variant of the epic legend. Movses Khorenatsy wrote about the
fact of existence of the book about Noah and his sons and the Armenian stories
It becomes clear, that the Armenian folk passed the book from generation to generation
for thousand years. The Armenians name it "Noah's Book" or "The Story of Noah's
The wide passages of "Noah's Book" surviving by several chroniclers, the constant
reiteration of written stories, the organic one by one continuation of the separate
passages of the story, as well as the great volume of the subject testify the fact, that
"Noah's Book" is the wide epos dedicated to the Flood.
Obviously, the epos was rhymed initially. That is testified by Movses Khorenatsi, who
provided the information about presenting the epos with the help of songs, and by
present chroniclers, who tell about the rhythmical style of story-telling of separate
passages of the epos and its melodious fragments.
Unfortunately, it have passed four thousand years since the date of birth of that epos
and its poetical form couldn't be preserved.
The time of creation of the epos is based on the fact that the Armenian's forerunner
Haik, which is presented in the last fragment of the epos, lived approximately four
thousand and a half years ago, according to Khorenatsy.The work's concerning the
registration and the restoration of the epos lasted nearly twenty years.
The epos about Noah and the Flood is devided in four parts. It is told in the name of
Emerod bird. The subject of the epos is the following:
The God's mother Nerine gives birth to the first Gods and Goddesses. God Asatur or
Khardi creates the space and the first human being on his mother's advice.
Four centuries of mankind passed. They are the Golden, the Silver, the Copper and the
Cast- iron. The people of each following century become worse than their forerunners.
Emberold bird proves the fact of people's degeneracy at the end of the Cast-iron
century: "Cold has become silver, silver has become copper, copper has become cast-
iron and a human being has become mean". The first part of the epos ends in these
The second part of the epos begins with the description of the biggest sin of mankind.
In the night, a woman cleans her child's behind backside with bread and throws it in
sky. It touches the face of the creator god Khardi - Asatur. Two the biggest sins of
mankind happened: disrespect of bread and God. Angry Khardi decides to exterminate
Two unrealized attempts of mankind's extermination take place.
Khardi - Asatur decides to exterminate mankind with the help of a flood. Tsovinar
goddess, Asatur`s sister and the sovereign of waters gets angry with her brother's
Khardi invites a meeting, keeping it a secret from his sister, where he announces the
intention to exterminate mankind with the help of a flood.
One of gods informs Noah the decision security, in Noah's dream. Then searches, for
finding the primary oak, which was necessary for building a ship, begin. The old
woodcutter cuts the tree with magic ritual. The tree stays in oil two years.
Three masters build the ship. Blind men guard it day and night.
The Flood begins. this passage of epos is fill of numerous dramatic and tragic events.
Noah's Ark drifts on the surface of water and while approaching the mountains of
Armenia it as a human being prays to receive. The mountains refuse it and point at the
biggest of the mountains Ararat. And Noah's Ark moors there.
Gods` anger, regarding Khardi - Asatur`s savage deed, is moving and their sincere joy,
when they receive the news about Noah's escape is also sincere.
Noah lives on Ararat peak seven year and he sends an animal with the goal to get the
information about the water level. Noah's wife, Noahem, falls ill and dies on the peak of
Noah's caravan begins to come down Ararat. The first snow comes. The first apricot
tree blossoms on Ararat. Noah blesses the apricot tree and continues his descent. The
second part of epos ends.
The third part of the epos is familiar to our folk under the name " Noah`s Year ". It
includes Noah's life since his descent from Ararat till his death.
Ordeals don't come to their close with the Flood: Khardi - Asatur changes the rescued
people into savages often their descent from Ararat. The savage mankind lives in the
slopes of Ararat two hundred years. Khardi - Asatur visits the savages two centuries
later. He sees the leader of the human herd in front of it. He was a mighty old man with
white beard. Weak gleams of human thought could be seen in his eyes. Noah stops
and looks at khardi. His eyes were streaming with tears. And Khardi says: "You are
crying, it means that you are becoming a human being".
Khardi returns their intellect, considering that ordeals were enough. They being to make
the first clothes and shoes. Quite new life begins on the land, thoroughly changed after
the Flood. New life is full of discoveries and inventions, because Khardi returned the
rescued peopl`s intellect, but took their memory completely in order they remember
nothing from their old and desecrated life.
The struggle with marshes, left by the Flood, where death was hiding, begins then the
war with dragon snakes of the Ararat mountain follows. They were those snakes, which
had come out of the ground with black water during the Flood and become of gigantic
sizes, eating the dead people brains. The eagle attracts our attention during the battles
against the snakes.
They discover fire again. Noah catches the fairy, which has come down the sky and
tries to marry her. The fairy refuses him. Noah marries again and has children. Noah's
son, Habet marries too. His wife is the girl, who has come down the Lightstar.
The play of Noah's four daughters reeds gives birth to four the most significant winds.
Khardi visits the earth once more and tries people's devotion about bread. The new
mankind passes the test.
The sky suggest people the use of salt. The snake presents the seed of a water -
The passage, which describes the cultivation of vine and the invention of it, is detailed
and wonderful. Noah is the main person here, as everywhere. A donkey helps him.
Noah discovers the first iron on the Ararat mountain slope. It has the origin of the earth,
so it is meteorite. Then Noah finds a golden mine in the bowels of the Ararat mountain.
They make their first ornaments of the Ararat mountain gold and they order not to
make the mine deeper in order not to give Black water the opportunity to come up and
drown the world.
The discord of Noah's sons begins. A part of them go away. From the neighbourhood of
the Ararat mountain with the goal to look for the best lands and Noah's daughter
Astkhik becomes the goddess of Beauty.
A part of Noah's sons attacks the father and tries to take the Ararat mountain
neighbourhood after returning.
Noah, repulses the attacks making a shield and a mace of iron. The new and significant
thing, the cast - iron mace appears.
At the end of Noah's Year, the light of a star lifts Noah to the sky. Noah's Year and the
third part of the epos end.
The forth part of the epos is called "Cast - iron mace". After death Noah bequeaths his
well - known mace to his son, Habet, who stayed with him in the Ararat mountain
neighborhood and tells to pass it from generation to generation as the sign of power.
The Epsom of Noah and the Flood ends in the cast - iron mace.
Part 1. The Man, who was born from the soil
The preface of Emerold bird
The mother of Gods, Nerine
Nerine`s son Khardi God creates the space and the Earth
The Gods build the Ararat mountain
plants and animals elect the king
Adam's ( the man from soil ) creation
Adam's first steps
Adam is sad
Copper claws of Al
The second unsuccessful attempt, Hureny
The wife, Eva
The forbidden fruit is sweet
The snake deceives Eva
The snake and the woman betray Adam
Earthly Judge comes to punish
Fire comes down the earth
Khardy raises Adam's hopes
Passions is born
" The ground is mine, the body is yours "
The sin is yours
The house become the home
Adam is sad because he doesn't have mother
God will open one door and close the other
Adam builds a house
The disappeared wheat
Khardy God shows Adam the terrestrial craft
The sacred place
The duel of the support bull
Stars and gods water the field
The field hay harvest
The God cannot try
Yerkank goddess is hungry
Eva bakes bread
Stars rap out on bread
God distributes age among people
The snake is favorable for the first murder and distorts Khardy gods order
The talk of ghosts
Death is distributed among old and young people
The horns of Kayen
The dying - coming to life wheat grain, Heghinar goddess
The revenge from the support bull`s tribe
People separates from animals and birds
People begin to eat meat
The Gold Age
The Silver, the Copper and the Cast - iron Ages
The snake is the first, who comes to know about debauchery of humanity
The witness of four centuries - Emerald bird
Part 2. The Flood
The disrespected bread
Justice is near to death
The Creator chooses the kind sun for punishment
Tsovinar goddess gets angry with her brother
Gods` secret council
Khardy`s beloved Noah
Seven ravens come down Noah's back
Noah merries and has children
The God, Who Loves People, visits Noah three times
Noah finds the sacred oak
Noah finds the old woodcutter
The black well becomes clean of dirt
Arakel master begins to build the ship
Noah promises his the only daughter to three carpenters
A piece of wood of the ship is stolen
The blind men protect the ship
The flexible rafts
Noah's ship reminded of the rock covered with moss
Noah's ship appellation
"When the man, who doesn't speak, would speak "
Black water lifts
The man, who doesn't speak, has spoken
The old eagle saw the Flood first
Noah says good - bye
Waters continue to lift
" The wet burn as well as the dry "
Volcanoes were smoking
" Let the father's course influence the child "
" There is one more dog "
The ungrateful man and the grateful one
The sides of the ship became red with blood
On the last branch of a tree
Giants in lifting water
Terrastrial waters abate the sea of the Flood
Warm water after rain
The hail breaks devils and demons
The ship drifts in the calmed down sea
Ark speaks with mountains
They ate the seed stock
The mouse made a hole in the ship. The creation of a cat
The snake's agreement with Noah
Placidity and hope
The Kham`s woman gives birth to twins
The Ark moors the peak of the Ararat mountain
People come out of the Ark. The Kham`s twins, Demon and Fiery disappear
The dance: Wild people
Noah announces the laws
Noah releases the animals` and birds` feet
Giants are saved
The bufallo comes
" The ship has already reached "
The sacrifice for the escape
The Creator tries the belt
The earth has changed its appearance
The sun was again shining from the east
The swallow punishes the snake
The great hunger
The end of the great hunger
The sending of the first researcher, the cat
The escape of weat. The sowing from Ararat peak
The second year, the bufallo
Noah foresees with the help of the Moon
Noah sends the third researcher, the snake
The forth researcher, the duck
Freedom nostalgia excitements
On the small Ararat peak
The first cemetery
The illness of Noah`s wife, Noahem
The first ice
The seveth year, he sent the raven
The raven takes out the eyes of sank people
Noah sends the magpie
The green sprout
A dove and a raven
" It was seen "
" Blessed our eyes "
Noahem breathes the last time
Noah comes down for a research
Noahem`s death, discent, the first snow and the first lightning
The apricot - tree in blossom
Part 3. Noah's Year
The green bowls
The son of Kham - Demon and the daughter of Fairy children
Noah gets consciousness
In the cave of the wild people
The Sun and Look gods
The first clothes
The old ship
The researchers on the slope of the mountain without name
The holiday of trees
The smell of death
The ravens begin to die
Noah's daughter - Astkhik
The day of general bathing
The Bone Age
The cat meets the tiger
The snake, its shirt firery ( The snakes fights )
The snakes become dragons
The fight with dragons
The eagle comes for help
The stone axe
The stone mirror
The shields were decorated with precious stones
Fire discovered again
The preservation of fire
They began to eat a lot of things scorched
The bowl made of lime - tree peel
The birth of love
A god father
Long dresses for women
A mulberry - tree become a skirt
Noah's second marriage
Noah marries a girl, and his donkey and dog, which became girls
Noah visits the brides relations
The theft of animals
The wonder of the for - flood world
Goods bless the sheep
A flax dress
The search of bread
David makes a mill and a bakery
The plough invention
Four winds are born from the play of the reeds of Noah's four daughters
God examines devotion of people for bread.
Oil giving plants
The snake introduces the hemp intoxication characteristic
The sky suggest the use of salt
Noah's future marriages
The tribes of a dog, donkey and snake
Noah plants the apricot orchard
Peach becomes sweet of apricot
A cherry - tree
Astkhik and an apple - tree
Noah discoveries pomegranate calendar
Khardy God presents grapes to Noah
Noah digs a channel for the grapes garden with the help of a donkey
Noah discoveries vine with the help of the donkey and the elephant
Every plant is medicine
The person with horns and without them makes riddles up
Sicknesses and the herdsman
Iron: Noah is the first blacksmith
A group of connoisseur
Noah reaches the gold mine of the Ararat mountain
The pumpkin leaf presents Noah with the first alphabet
Nakhtchvan ( first the rope )
The foundation of Agulis
The discord of Noah's sons
Sam looks for the best soils
The bathing of Noah's daughter
" Msho mountains are fog "
The descendants of Kham kill Astkhik`s beloved
Astkhik and Vahagn
Noah's cast - iron mace and cast - iron shield
Noah becomes a hermit
The blessing to Noah's ship
Death of Noah's raven
The starlight took Noah to the sky
Part 4. The cast - iron mace
Habet makes Noah's memory everlasting
Habet and plane - tree
Habet and elfs
Habit's wife returns to the Lightstar
Habet`s brother Gilgamesh
The Man - Bull
Gilgamesh and the Man - Bull kill the monsterous bull with three eyes
The Man - Bull`s death
Gilgamesh goes down in the river Habet`s son - Gamer
Gamer`s son - Tatos singer
Tatos singer's death
Gamer`s son - Toros With Wings
Toros ties the eagles winds and begin to fly
The children of Toros with wings
The separation of Torgom`s sons
Torgoms son Haik and Anahit goddess
Haik goes to the place Between Rivers
Haik in Between Rivers
The Babel tower
The descendant of Kham - Nebrovt ( Nemroot ) and Nebrovt mountain
Nebrovt burns the giant
Haik comes back to the Armenia
Haik`s and Nebrovt`s fight. Nebrovt`s death
Haik kills the Stone turtle
Haik and the gnome hunter
Haik makes cathedrals with Vahagn god
Haik and Nebrovt`s widows
Haik creates a calendar
Haik or Orion constellation
Haik`s son Armenak
Stars - Haiks sons
Haiks the rest sons and daughters
Gegham`s son - Harma
Nebrovt`s grandchildren attacks
The birth of Aram`s son - Ara the Handsome
The Umroot spring
The lovely girl of Noah's son Sam's tribe
Shamiram ( Semiramis ), the queen of Assur
Ara the Handsome goes to Assur
The old demon describes Ninve town
Ara steals the medicine for his father's eyes from Shamiram
Ara is in the well
The marriage of Ara and Nvard
Shamiram kidnaps Ara the Handsome
Shamiram kidnaps Ara the Handsome
Ara escapes from the captivity
Ara the Handsome`s and Shamiram`s fight
Ara the Handsome dies and comes to life again
Shamiram builds Hanging Gardens for Ara the Handsome
Ara the Handsome `s and Shamiram`s death
It is necessary to publish the epos in two books. The first book includes the restored
appearance of the epos, the second part consists of the written passages and variants
of the epos, as well as the interpretation of scientific principles of the restoration of the
epos. The whole volume of the book will be 400 - 500 pages.
"Noah's book" will take the worthy place in the world's culture among the number of
Shumers " Gigamesh ",Karelo - Finnish " Kalevala " and other eposes.
It is necessary to publish the epos in English, so that it can become available for the
The fact of the restoration of the Flood epos evoked great interest of scientists of
Armenia and wide social circle. Wide articles were published in the influential
newspapers of the republic. The passages are presented from the articles, published in
the state official newspaper " Republic of Armenia " and " The Voice of Armenia "
"...The preservation of the epos about the Flood for future descendants, which exists in
oral folk work more than five thousand years already Is the reality today.
The scientist from Yerevan, Edward Sargsyan, who devoted many years to that difficult
work, has finished the preparation of the manuscript, which has 3 thousand pages, for
the publication. It is told about Noah and his sons in details in that manuscript. For
example, in Bible there is only one page about the Food".
" Republic of Armenia " 17. 10. 96.
"...But the most surprising and from the point of view of science significant thing is that
Edward Sargsyan collected many passages of oral Armenian legends about Gilgamesh-
the hero of the babel epos, where it is told about the great flood. In one those passages
it is told that the babel king Gilgamesh was the offshoot of Noah's the youngest son and
that he lived in " the far away country ". By the way, " Gilgamesh " is interpreted in
Armenian in the above mentioned fragment as " Gel - gomesh " ( wolf - buffalo " - it
means brave as a wolf and strong as a buffalo. More that, according to our Armenian
version, Gilgamesh died and didn't leave progeny. There is a subject for science to
work on, to follow the " ways " along which the hero of the babel epos moved in the
Armenian. It is also necessary to solve this mystery because our archaeologists has
recently discovered the cuneiform evidence about Gilgamesh during excavations in
It is necessary to do everything in order to make the Armenian epos the property of the
world culture ".
"The Voice of Armenia" , 5.11.96.
The author's biography
He is forty - seven years old, the doctor of chemical science.The author`s address
He is the founder of speleology ( the science, which investigates caves ) in Armenia. He
is the author of numerous scientific discoveries, books and articles in different sciences.
He was given the title of laureate of the Youth prize of Armenia He is one of the famous
mountaineers of Armenia. He climbed the Ararat mountain.
Dr. Edward Sargsyan
ap. 27, bl. 7/2, Toumanyan q., Avan
Yerevan 375101, Republic Armenia
Fax: (3742 ) 151 - 048, Tel: (3742 ) 625 - 446